This collection consists of records concerning one the largest race riots in American history, the mutiny and riot of soldiers of the 3rd Battalion, 24th U.S. Infantry that occurred on August 23, 1917, at Camp Logan (now Memorial Park), Houston, Texas. It resulted in the largest murder trial in American history. The mutiny and riot were sparked by the racism directed toward the African American soldiers by the police and citizens of Houston, and resulted in three general courts-martial held at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas in late 1917 and early 1918. One hundred seventeen soldiers were tried and 110 were convicted: 19 were executed and 91 were sentenced to various terms of confinement at the U.S. Penitentiary at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The original records are found in Records Group 153 and 393, Modern Military Records Branch, Textual Archives Services Division, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland. The records in this collection are digital images taken from microfilm.